Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Yazd Cardiovascular Resesrch Center , Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

2 Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Department of Clinical Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Cardiology, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

5 Research Center of Addiction and Behavioral Sciences, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

6 Diabetes Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Some studies the recent years investigate Type-D personality as a key factor in the development of depression and reduction of quality of life.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare depression and quality of life after open-heart surgery in patients with and without Type-D personality.
Methods: Sixty-nine patients undergoing open-heart surgery in Ahwaz Imam Khomeini Hospital participated in this cross-sectional study. Depression and quality of life evaluated via WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire, Type-D personality scale, and Beck’s Depression Inventory 1 to 1.5 months after heart surgery. The collected data analyzed by ANOVA and correlation tests.
Results: There was a significant difference regarding depression and quality of life scores between patients with and without Type-D personality after heart surgery. Depression and quality of life impairment were higher in patients with Type-D personality. The relationship between depression and quality of life of patients with Type-D personality and their age, sex, and occupation was not significant.
Conclusion: Depression and quality of life disorder were higher in Type-D personality patients after open-heart surgery compared to patients without Type-D personality. Screening these patients can prevent future physical and psychological problems.

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