Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan

2 Department of Public Health, Kwara State Ministry of Health, Ilorin


Background: The health of healthcare workers (HCWs) is an indicator of the quality of health service provision during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Objectives: This study aimed to describe the symptomatology and positivity of COVID-19 infection, and type of COVID-19 care received among (HCWs) in a North-Central State in Nigeria.
Methods: This was a retrospective review of COVID-19 records of HCW retrieved from the Surveillance Outbreak Response Management System between April, 2020 and March, 2021 in Kwara State, Nigeria.
Results: Among the 1,453 HCWs, 831 (57.2%) were above 35 years, 874 (60.2%) were females. Among the 259 HCWs who tested positive for COVID-19, 122 (23.8%) lived in urban areas (ᵡ2 = 13.94, p = <0.001). Also, 83 (30.7%) of symptomatic persons tested positive for COVID-19 (ᵡ2 = 37.766, p = <0.001). Overall, 33 (12.7%) of the 259 positive HCWs received hospital-based COVID-19 care), and 33 (16.1%) who had less than 2 symptoms received hospital-based COVID-19 care (ᵡ2 = 9.962, p = 0.002). HCWs who had cough had three times odds of testing positive of COVID-19 (OR = 3.299, 95% CI = 1.571 – 6.927, p = 0.002). Also, HCWs who manifested loss of taste had three times odds of testing positive for COVID-19 (OR = 3.392, 95%CI = 1.010 – 11.393, p = 0.048).
Conclusion: COVID-19 testing should be encouraged among HCWs especially among those with symptoms such as cough and loss of taste.