Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Children’s Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Disaster Public Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Disaster & Emergency Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Traditional Medicine Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Abstract

Background: Various studies indicate that in many cases, fire has broken out in hospital.
Objectives: The main purpose of the present study is to assess fire protection in the selected units of Imam Khomeini hospital located in Tehran in 2020.
Methods: In this descriptive-analytic study, first, a researcher-made checklist was developed for the data collection by valid scientific resources (CVI=0.90 and CVR>0.62). After revising and the final confirmation of reliability, the checklist was separately completed by two members of risk management committee in 22 units of Imam Khomeini Hospital affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Science. Cronbach’s weighted Kappa statistical test was calculated.
Results: The Domain of Ability and Capability of Fire Prevention was 66.1%, the Domain of Responsiveness was 65.1%, and the Domain of Urgent Evacuation Ability was 27.3%. In the Domain of Responsiveness, the highest scores were related to accessing fire extinguisher cylinder in the units (95.5%) and holding fire extinguishing practice courses and doing seasonal practices with that region’s fire station (90.9% for both). The highest scores in the Domain of Urgent Evacuation Ability were assigned to accessing adequate ambulances to evacuate patients (90.9%) and mapping the units and determining patient evacuation route when a fire breaks out (72.7%).
Conclusion: It is necessary to make the essential protection measures come true for improving the hospitals’ fire protection by better access to the exits, increasing the number of the exits and standardizing the emergency exits, increasing the due fire extinguishing practices and hospital evacuation and educating the staff.

Keywords