Document Type: Original Article
Department of Health Services Management, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Background: Today, in order to provide desirable health care services, too much emphasis is placed on the physical and mental health of nurses, and job burnout among nurses is introduced as harmful elements to the health of nurses.
Objective: This study was performed to evaluate job burnout in Shiraz Nemazee Hospital in relation to demographic characteristics.
Methods: This research is a cross-sectional and descriptive-analytic study. The research community included all nurses in the whole sections of Nemazee Hospital out of which 245 were selected by classified random sampling as the study sample. A questionnaire was used to collect the data. After collection, data were entered in statistical package for social sciences SPSS software (version 18) and T-test, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to analyze the variables.
Results: The mean score of emotional exhaustion, lack of personal accomplishment and job burnout were at an average level, and depersonalization was at a low level. As regards the intensity of burnout, most nurses were moderate. Between components of depersonalization of job burnout with marital status and age, there was a significant relationship (P<0.05). Also, nurses in neurological wards were allocated the most (62.28%) while nurses in children ward recorded the lowest (49.92%) mean of burnout.
Conclusion: According to the findings of this study and in terms of the stressful nature of nursing profession, it is necessary that hospital managers and healthcare authorities pay attention to job burnout in nurses, its level, as well as provide and implement strategies for its prevention, thereby decreasing its effects and risks.