Economic Performance Analysis of Selected Military Hospitals Using Hospital Indicators and Inpatient Bed-Day Cost

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Health Services Management, Faculty of Health, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background: Hospitals, the main providers of healthcare services, are costly centers which account for about 80% of the health sector budget and have a huge share of resources.
Objective: This study aimed to analyze the economic performance of selected military hospitals in Tehran using hospital indicators and inpatient bed-day costs.
Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective study conducted in hospitals affiliated with a military medical university. Data was collected with forms completed by referring to the hospitals’ finance and accounting, medical records, staffing, and logistics departments. The extracted data converted to hospital indicators using the appropriate formulas and analyzed using Excel and SPSS software with the T-test.
Results: The average bed occupancy rate (BOR) was 71%, the average length of stay (ALOS) was 2.5 days, the average bed turnover (BT) was 31 times, and the average bed turnover interval (BTI) was one day. The comparison of means of all the above-mentioned indicators other than BOR with the national standards was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Inpatient bed-day costs with and without capital costs were calculated to be 3 312 353 IRR and 12 253 775 IRR, respectively.
Conclusion: Higher BOR and BT and lower ALOS and BTI indicators were appropriate compared with the national standards, but the cost performance was not appropriate. An unreasonable increase in inpatient bed-day cost revealed that there were unused beds and that hospitals had no monitoring systems for revenues and expenditures. Therefore, serious attention must be given to the scientific criteria and principles of health economics to improve resource productivity.

Keywords


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