Review Article
1. The Importance of Breastfeeding Based on Islamic Rules and Qur’an

Shahrokh Mehrpisheh; Azadeh Memarian; Maryam Ameri; Mohsen Saberi Isfeedvajani

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 37-41

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.08

Abstract
  The Qur’an, the word of God, is the best book that has been revealed to guide human beings contains a complete plan of human life. However, in addition to educational, ethical, and religious issues, it also contains valuable scientific information. Several verses in the Holy Qur’an discuss ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Clinical and Paraclinical Findings in Children With Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis: A Single Center 10-Year Study

Seyed Mohsen Dehghani; Amir Saeidi; Farzaneh Nejati; Iraj Shahramian; Ali Bazi; Ali Jangjou; Ali Derakhshan; Morteza Salarzaei; Fatemeh Parooie

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 42-46

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.09

Abstract
  Background: Congenital hepatic fibrosis (CHF) is an autosomal hereditary disorder affecting the porto-biliary system. It is a rare hereditary disorder often presenting in childhood or adolescence with hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and gastrointestinal bleeding. A timely diagnosis of organomegalies by sonography ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Development and Psychometric Evaluation of Nursing Audit Tool

Dilek Ekici; Tugba Mert

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 47-55

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.10

Abstract
  Background: Better healthcare outcomes in health services are obtainable from frequently observing ongoing healthcare activities, gathering data, and assessing outcomes. Objectives: This study aimed to establish the basic principles of nursing care standards and practices in wards, develop a nursing ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Prevalence of Microorganisms and Antibiotic Sensitivity Among Patients with Diabetic Foot Ulcer in Sulaimani City, Iraq

Aso Nasih Qadir; Bakhtiar Mohamed Mahmoud; Taha Othman Mahwi; Delman Mohammed Raoof Arif Al-Attar; Safeen Othman Mahmood

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 56-63

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.11

Abstract
  Background: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are responsible for days of costly hospitalization and are the major cause of medical lower limb amputations. Determining the appropriate antimicrobial therapy for DFUs is highly dependent on recognizing the microorganisms that cause them. Many reports have indicated ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Prostate Cancer Screening in Middle-Aged and Older American Men: Combined Effects of Ethnicity and Years of Schooling

Shervin Assari

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 64-69

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.12

Abstract
  Background: Prostate cancer screening is more commonly utilized by highly educated people. As shown by marginalization-related diminished returns (MDRs), the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) such as education on the health outcomes are considerably smaller for ethnic minorities than for Whites. ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Satisfaction of Physicians Working in a Referral Hospital in Tehran, Iran in 2019

Mohsen Saberi Isfeedvajani; Esmat Davoudi-Monfared; Mojtaba Naderi

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 70-74

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.13

Abstract
  Background: Physicians’ satisfaction is closely related to the effectiveness of health services, including quality of services as well as patient compliance, satisfaction, and outcomes. Objectives: This study was designed to examine the job satisfaction level of physicians working at a referral ...  Read More

Case Report
7. Coincidence of Sarcoidosis With Ankylosing Spondylitis in a 48-Year-Old Woman; A Therapeutic Challenge

Gholam Hossein Alishiri; Ehsan Rahmanian; Mahsa Ramezanpour

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Spring 2020, Pages 75-78

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.14

Abstract
  Introduction: A case of pulmonary sarcoidosis is reported because of difficulties in diagnosis and treatment, including the co-existence of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and severe corticosteroid dependence. Case Presentation: A 48-year-old nonsmoking woman referred to the hospital because of chronic nonproductive ...  Read More