Review Article
1. A Review of the Role of Interleukin-2 in the Pathophysiology of Major Depressive Disorder in Hospitalized Patients

Seyed Alireza Seyed Ebrahimi; Elham Karamian; Zahra Sadat Goli; Leila Sadat Mirseifi

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 85-92

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.17

Abstract
  Background: Hospitalization due to any reason or medical condition is associated with fear, anxiety, and depression. Psychological and physiological factors have a significant impact on hospitalization outcomes.Objectives: Given the functional importance of inflammatory cytokines and studies in previous ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Examination of Physiological Changes Seen in Workers Using Breathing Masks During COVID-19 Pandemic

Hasan Sultanoğlu; Mustafa Boğan; Tuba Erdem Sultanoğlu; Hasan Baki Altınsoy

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 93-97

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.18

Abstract
  Background: There are very few studies in the literature evaluating the effects of mask use on physiological parameters.Objectives: This study aims to examine physiological changes due to masks in healthcare workers who use respiratory masks for long hours in the emergency room during the pandemic process.Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article
3. The Trend of Device-Associated Hospital Acquired Infections in an Adult Intensive Care Unit of a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Need to Revamp Preventive Strategies

Bineeta Kashyap; Rajat Jhamb; Rituparna Saha; Pratima Prasad

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 98-104

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.19

Abstract
  Background: Device-associated infections (DAIs) like ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central-line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSI), and catheter-related urinary tract Infection (CAUTI) constitute predominant healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in intensive care units (ICUs).Objectives: ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Comparison of Depression and Quality of Life after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery in Patients With and Without Type D Personalities

Shahriar Mali; Nahid Khajehmougahi; Somaye Hajatnia; Aida Farsham; Elham Hasibi; Reza Bidaki

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 105-111

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.20

Abstract
  Background: Recently, some studies have investigated type D personality as a critical factor in developing depression and reducing the quality of life.Objectives: This study aimed to compare depression and quality of life after coronary artery bypass graft surgery in patients with and without type D ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Punctuality of Patients and Physicians in an Outpatient Setting: Which Has a Greater Effect on Waiting Time?

Afsoon Aeenparast; Farzaneh Maftoon; Faranak Farzadi; Hossien Yahyazadeh

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 112-115

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.21

Abstract
  Background: Patients’ waiting time for healthcare services is identified as one of the key measurements of an effective health system. This factor has an important role in patients’ satisfaction as well. One factor that is related to the waiting time is patients’ punctuality.Objectives: ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Neuromuscular Blocking Agent Use in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Which Variable is Important?

Farshid Rahimibashar; Mahmood Salesi; Amir Vahedian-Azimi; Masoum Khosh Fetrat

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 116-122

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.22

Abstract
  Background: The study of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) in the management of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has provided conflicting results in terms of their effect on mortality.Objectives: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate mortality in ARDS patients who underwent NMBA.Methods: ...  Read More

Brief Report
7. Prevalence of Renal Colic in the Emergency Departments: A Multi-center Study

Mehdi Torabi; Fahimeh Shojaee; Moghaddameh Mirzaee

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 123-126

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.23

Abstract
  Background: Kidney calculi are the most common cause of kidney failure.Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of renal colic and its risk factors in the patients referred to two emergency departments during a year.Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in ...  Read More