Original Article
Symptomatology, Positivity, and Type of Care Received by Healthcare Workers Tested for COVID-19 Infection in a North-Central State in Nigeria: A Retrospective Study

Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi; Aanuoluwapo Adeyimika Afolabi; Oladayo David Awoyale; Oluwatosin Enoch Fakayode

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 129-136

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.25

Abstract
  Background: The health of healthcare workers (HCWs) is an indicator of the quality of health service provision during the COVID-19 pandemic.Objectives: This study aimed to describe the symptomatology and positivity of COVID-19 infection and the type of COVID-19 care received among HCWs in a North-Central ...  Read More

Original Article
The Comparison Between the Early Tracheostomy and Orotracheal Intubation in COVID-19 Patients Required Mechanical Ventilation

Mahdi Morshedi; Mohammad-Javad Babaei; Ali Bahramifar; Ebrahim Karimi; Shahriar Najafizadeh-Sari; Mehdi Raei; Hamed Gholizadeh

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 137-140

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.26

Abstract
  Background: Supportive respiratory care and airway management are very important in treating COVID-19 patients with respiratory failure. There are two techniques for supporting patients with respiratory failure.Objectives: The current study aims to evaluate the efficacy and quality of patient care with ...  Read More

Original Article
COVID-19 Screening in Rheumatologic Diseases Cases; Special Look at Chloroquine Derivate Use

Soraya Shadmanfar; Gholamhosein Alishiri; Noushin Bayat; Morteza Izadi; Ahmad Salimzadeh; Abdolrahman Rostamian; Shahla Abolghasemi; Mohammad Hossein Azimzadeh Ardebili; Zeynab Rastgar Moqaddam; Marjan Hasani; Ehsan Rahmanian; Helia Iranpanah; Ghodrat Allah Islami; Amin Saburi

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 141-147

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.27

Abstract
  Background: Among suggested medications for the treatment of COVID-19, chloroquine derivates and angiotensin-converting–enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs)/angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) are the two medications with conflicting effects on the development of the disease.Objectives: The present ...  Read More

Original Article
Perceived Discrimination and Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors Among American African American and White Children

Shervin Assari

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 148-156

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.28

Abstract
  Background: Perceived discrimination (PD) is a risk factor of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) for children, youth, and adults. However, it is unknown whether the association between PD and STB frequency differs between African American (AA) and Non-Hispanic White children.Objectives: In this study, ...  Read More

Original Article
Introducing a Bi-Level Linear Programming Model to Reduce Patient Payment and Increase Hospital Income Simultaneously

Seyyedeh Farkhondeh Tayebnasab; Mohebali Rahdar; Farhad Hamidi; Hamid Raza Maleki

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 157-163

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.29

Abstract
  Background: The cost of health care is a large part of every household’s budget. On the other hand, as an economic entity, the hospital is constantly faced with different aspects of cost and revenue. So, we are dealing with conflicting objectives.Objectives: The main purpose of the research is ...  Read More

Original Article
Evaluation of Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department With Chronic Pain: An Observational Clinical Study

Tuba Erdem Sultanoğlu; Hasan Sultanoğlu

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 164-169

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.30

Abstract
  Background: Overcrowding of emergency departments (EDs), which are not suitable places to treat chronic pain and are responsible for managing acute disorders, leads to prolonged waiting times, delays in treating conditions requiring rapid intervention, patient dissatisfaction, and chaos and exhaustion ...  Read More

Brief Report
Increased Incidence of Blood and Body Fluid Exposure and Lack of Transmission Evidence During COVID-19 Pandemic

Humberto Guanche Garcell; Ariadna Villanueva Arias

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 170-172

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.31

Abstract
  Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been associated with various risks, including the exposure of infectious agents.Objectives: The study aims at describing the incidence of blood and body fluid (BBF) exposure in a COVID-19 facility so as viral transmission potential through ...  Read More

Case Report
Impact of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Patients With Parkinson’s disease: A Report of 2 Cases

Reza Bidaki; Hamid Mirhosseini; Nahid Zare

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 173-176

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.32

Abstract
  Introduction: The motor function is associated with the activity of both the motor and prefrontal cortices. The efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over specific brain cortices has been examined in many psychiatric and neurologic disorders. This study aims to report the tDCS effects ...  Read More