Duration of Hospital Stay in Alcohol/Substance Addictions and Psychiatric Disorders: A 12-Year Retrospective Analysis

Bahadir Geniş; Behcet Cosar

Volume 5, Issue 1 , March 2020, , Pages 3-9


  Background: Mental disorders are generally a significant reason for increased morbidity. They constitute a serious disease burden. One of the main reasons for this disease burden is long hospitalization periods. Objective: The current study investigated the length of hospital stay and the variables affecting ...  Read More

Sickness absenteeism of Healthcare Workers in a Teaching Hospital

Maryam Mollazadeh; Maryam Saraei; Ramin Mehrdad; Nazanin Izadi

Volume 3, Issue 1 , February 2018, , Pages 6-10


  Background: Absence from work for health reasons is known as “sickness absenteeism”. Frequent sick leave is a major concern to any organization, especially hospitals. Objective: This study analyzed the extent and causes of sickness absenteeism in a teaching hospital and evaluated its corelation ...  Read More

Epidemiology, Reported Injury Characteristics of Brain Trauma: Evidences Collected from a Level-One-Trauma Center in Zahedan City, Iran

Minoo Sharbafshaaer

Volume 6, Issue 1 , March 2021, , Pages 7-10


  Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the damage to brain tissue and disruption of the brain function caused by an external mechanical force as evidenced by documented medical records. Objectives: The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of TBI through age-groups, severity, and mechanism of TBI. ...  Read More

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease in Family Relatives of a Cameroonian Population of Hemodialysis Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study

Mazou Temgoua; Gloria Ashuntantang; Marie José Essi; Joël Nouktadie Tochie; Moussa Oumarou; Acho Fon Abongwa; Aimé Mbonda; Samuel Kingue

Volume 4, Issue 1 , February 2019, , Pages 12-17


  Background: In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the trend in the number of patients admitted for maintenance hemodialysis is on the rise. The identification of risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD) ensures adequate primary and secondary preventive measures geared at reducing the burden of CKD in low-resource ...  Read More

The Localization of Pharmaceutical Clinical Research in Europe

Greta Falavigna; Roberto Ippoliti

Volume 2, Issue 2 , May 2017, , Pages 29-35


  Background: Clinical research is a specific phase of the production process in the pharmaceutical industry in which companies test candidate drugs on patients in order to collect clinical evidence about safety and effectiveness.Objective: This paper is an operational research which aimed to support the ...  Read More

Arrhythmias in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension; A Narrative Review of the Current Literature

Dirk Bandorski; Reinhard Hoeltgen

Volume 3, Issue 2 , May 2018, , Pages 37-43


  Incidence and prognostic relevance of supraventricular arrhythmias were evaluated in nine studies. These studies investigated patients with different forms of pulmonary hypertension. Supraventricular arrhythmias were more often found in patients with group two pulmonary hypertension. Common findings ...  Read More

Clinical and Paraclinical Findings in Children With Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis: A Single Center 10-Year Study

Seyed Mohsen Dehghani; Amir Saeidi; Farzaneh Nejati; Iraj Shahramian; Ali Bazi; Ali Jangjou; Ali Derakhshan; Morteza Salarzaei; Fatemeh Parooie

Volume 5, Issue 2 , June 2020, , Pages 42-46


  Background: Congenital hepatic fibrosis (CHF) is an autosomal hereditary disorder affecting the porto-biliary system. It is a rare hereditary disorder often presenting in childhood or adolescence with hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and gastrointestinal bleeding. A timely diagnosis of organomegalies by sonography ...  Read More

Routine Offered Protocol is not reliable for Thrombophlebitis Prevention

Habib Yaribeygi; Mohammad Javad Hosseini; Hamid Rokhsarizadeh; Gholam Hossein Meftahi; Mahmoud Salesi

Volume 1, Issue 2 , May 2016, , Pages 43-46


  Background: Intravenous catheterization is a routine technique in medical centers which can cause diverse problems such as thrombophlebitis. Objective: This study aimed to resolve replacement scheduling and proper cannula diameter and position issues for intravenous catheters. Methods: In this 2015 experimental ...  Read More

Patterns of Hba1c Levels in Normoglycemic Offspring of T2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Emmanuel O. Taiwo; Lateef O. Thanni; Oyesimisola P. Taiwo

Volume 7, Issue 2 , June 2022, , Pages 46-49


  Background: The risk of developing diabetes mellitus for an individual with a positive family history of the disease is two- to fourfold higher in an offspring of a diabetic compared with offspring of non-diabetic shown by serum glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. There is paucity of data on pre-diabetes ...  Read More

Immunosuppressive Drugs and Kidney Post-transplant Diabetes Mellitus

Ismael Bilal Ismael; Sarhang Hasan Azeez

Volume 4, Issue 2 , June 2019, , Pages 50-56


  Background: As the rate of renal transplantation increases, more immunosuppressive drugs such as cyclosporine A (CsA) are consumed, particularly during the early months following transplantation, leading to post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) which can cause death. Objective: The present study examined ...  Read More

Factors Influencing Turnover Intention of Physicians in Deprived Areas

Zahra Nikkhah-Farkhani; Azadeh Soltani

Volume 6, Issue 2 , June 2021, , Pages 51-58


  Background: The lack of specialist physicians is a major concern in developing countries, especially in deprived cities. Objectives: This study aimed to identify the predictive variables of the turnover intention of physicians working in an undeveloped and deprived city in Iran. Methods: Participants ...  Read More

Involvement of Patients in Health Technology Assessment: Further Perspectives for Informing Decision-Makers

David Hailey

Volume 2, Issue 3 , September 2017, , Pages 58-62


  Health technology assessment (HTA) is an evaluative process used to inform technology-related policymaking in healthcare. Interest in involving patients in the HTA process is increasing. Patients can provide additional perspectives to those of other groups that are concerned with health technology. Information ...  Read More

New Legionella Control Options by UV and Violet LEDs for Hospitals and Care Facilities

Martin Hessling; Julian Schmid; Katharina Hoenes; Petra Vatter

Volume 3, Issue 3 , July 2018, , Pages 76-78


  Legionella infections caused by contaminated water are a widespread problem worldwide. Discharge lamps like mercury vapor lamps are widely known for the disinfection properties of their radiation, but they suffer technical disadvantages, like high voltages and toxic content, and are, therefore, not suitable ...  Read More

The 10-Year Incidence Trend of Common Cancers at a Referral Hospital in Tehran, Iran From 2007 to 2016

Hormoz Sanaeinasab; Esmat Davoudi Monfared; Ali-Akbar Karimi Zarchi; Mohsen Saffari; Abdowreza Delavari

Volume 4, Issue 3 , September 2019, , Pages 80-85


  Background: Common cancers such as colon, breast, and lung cancer are increasing in developing countries. Objective: This study was conducted to determine 10-year trends and changes in common cancers in patients from a referral hospital in Tehran, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study investigated ...  Read More

Is a Single dose of Prophylactic Antibiotics Sufficient in Patients with Acute Non-Complicated Appendicitis?

Soleiman Hosseini Khalifani; Soleiman Heydari; Mehdi Morshedi; Hassan Ali Mohebi; Gholamali Ghorbani; Shahram Manoochehry

Volume 1, Issue 3 , August 2016, , Pages 83-86


  Background: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common acute surgery events. Its main treatment is surgery. However medical management before and after the surgery has an important impact on the treatment. Objective: The aim of study was evaluating the outcomes of single dose and quadruple doses of ...  Read More

Polyvagal Neural Biofeedback Training by Pulse Regulated Abdominal Breathing in Sleep Disorder: A Suggestion for COVID-19 Patients

Mohammadjavad Hoseinpourfard; Masoumeh Shajarian

Volume 5, Issue 3 , September 2020, , Pages 87-91


  Background: Nowadays, one of the most important social troubles is the sleep disorder that more than 40% of some population faced. Biofeedback (BFB) as a complementary method could reduce many of its effects.Objectives: This study aims to show the effects of BFB on the promotion of sleep quality and ...  Read More

Examination of Physiological Changes Seen in Workers Using Breathing Masks During COVID-19 Pandemic

Hasan Sultanoğlu; Mustafa Boğan; Tuba Erdem Sultanoğlu; Hasan Baki Altınsoy

Volume 6, Issue 3 , September 2021, , Pages 93-97


  Background: There are very few studies in the literature evaluating the effects of mask use on physiological parameters.Objectives: This study aims to examine physiological changes due to masks in healthcare workers who use respiratory masks for long hours in the emergency room during the pandemic process.Methods: ...  Read More

Factors That Influence Nurses’ Work-Family Conflict, Job Satisfaction, and Intention to Leave in a Private Hospital in Turkey

Dilek Ekici; Kamuran Cerit; Tugba Mert

Volume 2, Issue 4 , December 2017, , Pages 102-108


  Introduction: Nurses who have difficulty balancing their family role and responsibilities because of intense work pressure tend to leave their current jobs to work in organizations which offer better working conditions, lower workloads, and more managerial support. Objective: This study aimed to determine ...  Read More

CONUT: A Useful Alarm of Malnutrition in the Centralized Laboratory of a Spanish Hospital

Miriam Menacho-Román; Gilberto Pérez-López; José Manuel del Rey-Sánchez; Domingo Ly-Pen; Antonio Becerra-Fernández

Volume 3, Issue 4 , October 2018, , Pages 113-117


  Background: Hospital malnutrition, usually secondary to various diseases and their treatments, is an important problem in our clinical practice. For its proper assessment, it is crucial to use a nutritional alert system, such as the CONUT (COntrol NUTrition) program; this tool uses 3 analytical parameters: ...  Read More

Evaluation of Quality of Life and Symptoms of Menopause in Women with and Without Breast Cancer

Maryam Javadian KutanaeeI; Azra Sadeghi; Donya Sheibani Tehrani

Volume 1, Issue 4 , November 2016, , Pages 114-120

  Background: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women. Objective: This study was performed to determine the symptoms of menopause and quality of life in women with and without breast cancer. Methods: This descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study was performed in hospitals ...  Read More

The Epidemiology, Therapeutic Patterns, Outcome, and Challenges in Managing Septic Shock in a Sub-Saharan African Intensive Care Unit: A Cross-Sectional Study

Junette Arlette Metogo Mbengono; Joël Noutakdie Tochie; Ferdinand Ndom Ntock; Yves Bertrand Nzoaungo; Stephane Kona; Glwadys Ngono Ateba; Cassandra Tocko; Aminata Colibaly; Gérard Beyiha; Jacqueline Ze Minkande

Volume 4, Issue 4 , December 2019, , Pages 117-121


  Background: Septic shock (SS) is a health priority in sub-Saharan Africa. However, there is a dearth of data in this regard. Objective: This study aimed to determine the epidemiology, therapeutic patterns, outcome, and challenges in managing SS in a tertiary intensive care unit (ICU) of sub-Saharan Africa. ...  Read More

Ethical Issues in COVID-19 Pandemic

Mohsen Saberi Isfeedvajani; Foroozan Fares; Zahra Ismaili Shahroudi Moqaddam

Volume 5, Issue 4 , December 2020, , Pages 126-133


  The coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 disease (COVID-19) is the most current life-threating disease that affect health and economic sectors in the world. This pandemic raises weighty and urgent ethical issues that affected patients, health care provider and health care systems. Based on medical ethics textbooks, ...  Read More

Studying the Status of Job Burnout and its Relationship with Demographic Characteristics of Nurses in Shiraz Nemazee Hospital

Tahereh Shafaghat; Mohammad-Kazem Rahimi-Zarchi; Zahra Kavosi

Volume 1, Issue 1 , January 2016, , Pages 9-13


  Background: Today, in order to provide desirable health care services, too much emphasis is placed on the physical and mental health of nurses, and job burnout among nurses is introduced as harmful elements to the health of nurses. Objective: This study was performed to evaluate job burnout in Shiraz ...  Read More

Predictors of Patient Satisfaction With Quality of Healthcare in University Hospitals in Ghana

Albert Ahenkan; Kofi Aduo-Adjei

Volume 2, Issue 1 , February 2017, , Pages 9-14


  Background: For over 2 decades, Ghana’s Ministry of Health (MOH) has been resolved to continuously improve the quality of healthcare in a cost-effective manner. Strategies have been adopted to enhance client satisfaction with healthcare services and delivery.Objective: The current study examined ...  Read More

3D-Conformal Radiation Therapy and Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Techniques for Laryngeal Cancer Taking Parotid Glands as Organ at Risk

Dler K. Ismael; Fatiheea F. Hassan

Volume 5, Issue 1 , March 2020, , Pages 10-16


  Background: Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) techniques are used for the treatment of patients with laryngeal cancer. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of these 2 treatment techniques on the planning target volume (PTV) ...  Read More