Hospital Practices and Research (HPR) is a peer-reviewed international academic journal published quarterly by the Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences. The journal publishes high-impact studies related to key aspects of hospital research. HPR provides a forum for hospital specialists to debate contemporary challenges of hospital research and healthcare services delivery and to seek ideas and solutions to achieve higher performance and effectiveness in healthcare settings. Our primary aim is to facilitate the exchange of ideas, hypotheses, techniques, and information among all physicians, staff, and students. The journal's main focus is placed on efficacy in improving clinically relevant outcomes such as mortality, morbidity, quality of life, function, and costs.

HPR publishes informative and multidisciplinary advances in all aspects of hospital and healthcare organization research. Regarding clinical studies, while a broad spectrum of research is welcome, HPR has a specific interest in studies examining the role of hospitalists and hospital medicine in improving the quality of healthcare, patient outcome, and overall hospital performance.

HPR is an open access, peer-reviewed, online journal and adheres to ICMJE and COPE recommendations.

 

There are no submission fees or article processing charges for authors submitting their articles to the Hospital Practices and Research.

 

Frequency: 4 Issues Per Year

Review Article
1. A Review of the Role of Interleukin-2 in the Pathophysiology of Major Depressive Disorder in Hospitalized Patients

Seyed Alireza Seyed Ebrahimi; Elham Karamian; Zahra Sadat Goli; Leila Sadat Mirseifi

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 85-92

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.17

Abstract
  Background: Hospitalization due to any reason or medical condition is associated with fear, anxiety, and depression. Psychological and physiological factors have a significant impact on hospitalization outcomes.Objectives: Given the functional importance of inflammatory cytokines and studies in previous ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Examination of Physiological Changes Seen in Workers Using Breathing Masks During COVID-19 Pandemic

Hasan Sultanoğlu; Mustafa Boğan; Tuba Erdem Sultanoğlu; Hasan Baki Altınsoy

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 93-97

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.18

Abstract
  Background: There are very few studies in the literature evaluating the effects of mask use on physiological parameters.Objectives: This study aims to examine physiological changes due to masks in healthcare workers who use respiratory masks for long hours in the emergency room during the pandemic process.Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article
3. The Trend of Device-Associated Hospital Acquired Infections in an Adult Intensive Care Unit of a Tertiary Care Hospital: A Need to Revamp Preventive Strategies

Bineeta Kashyap; Rajat Jhamb; Rituparna Saha; Pratima Prasad

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 98-104

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.19

Abstract
  Background: Device-associated infections (DAIs) like ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central-line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSI), and catheter-related urinary tract Infection (CAUTI) constitute predominant healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in intensive care units (ICUs).Objectives: ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Comparison of Depression and Quality of Life after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery in Patients With and Without Type D Personalities

Shahriar Mali; Nahid Khajehmougahi; Somaye Hajatnia; Aida Farsham; Elham Hasibi; Reza Bidaki

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 105-111

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.20

Abstract
  Background: Recently, some studies have investigated type D personality as a critical factor in developing depression and reducing the quality of life.Objectives: This study aimed to compare depression and quality of life after coronary artery bypass graft surgery in patients with and without type D ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Punctuality of Patients and Physicians in an Outpatient Setting: Which Has a Greater Effect on Waiting Time?

Afsoon Aeenparast; Farzaneh Maftoon; Faranak Farzadi; Hossien Yahyazadeh

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 112-115

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.21

Abstract
  Background: Patients’ waiting time for healthcare services is identified as one of the key measurements of an effective health system. This factor has an important role in patients’ satisfaction as well. One factor that is related to the waiting time is patients’ punctuality.Objectives: ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Neuromuscular Blocking Agent Use in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Which Variable is Important?

Farshid Rahimibashar; Mahmood Salesi; Amir Vahedian-Azimi; Masoum Khosh Fetrat

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 116-122

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.22

Abstract
  Background: The study of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) in the management of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has provided conflicting results in terms of their effect on mortality.Objectives: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate mortality in ARDS patients who underwent NMBA.Methods: ...  Read More

Brief Report
7. Prevalence of Renal Colic in the Emergency Departments: A Multi-center Study

Mehdi Torabi; Fahimeh Shojaee; Moghaddameh Mirzaee

Volume 6, Issue 3 , Summer 2021, Pages 123-126

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.23

Abstract
  Background: Kidney calculi are the most common cause of kidney failure.Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of renal colic and its risk factors in the patients referred to two emergency departments during a year.Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in ...  Read More

1. Ethical Issues in COVID-19 Pandemic

Mohsen Saberi Isfeedvajani; Foroozan Fares; Zahra Ismaili Shahroudi Moqaddam

Volume 5, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, , Pages 126-133

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.25

Abstract
  The coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 disease (COVID-19) is the most current life-threating disease that affect health and economic sectors in the world. This pandemic raises weighty and urgent ethical issues that affected patients, health care provider and health care systems. Based on medical ethics textbooks, ...  Read More

2. The Impact of Motivation on the Work Performance of Health Workers (Korle Bu Teaching Hospital): Evidence from Ghana

Kofi Aduo-Adjei; Odoom Emmanuel; Opoku Mensah Forster

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, , Pages 47-52

http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/hpr-010245

Abstract
  Background: Motivation is a driver to health worker performance in most Ghanaian hospitals. In view of this, Ghana’s Ministry of Health has rolled out enough motivational policies to accentuate work performance of health workers. Objective: The focus of this study was to examine the impact of ...  Read More

3. Is a Single dose of Prophylactic Antibiotics Sufficient in Patients with Acute Non-Complicated Appendicitis?

Soleiman Hosseini Khalifani; Soleiman Heydari; Mehdi Morshedi; Hassan Ali Mohebi; Gholamali Ghorbani; Shahram Manoochehry

Volume 1, Issue 3 , Summer 2016, , Pages 83-86

http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/hpr-010383

Abstract
  Background: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common acute surgery events. Its main treatment is surgery. However medical management before and after the surgery has an important impact on the treatment. Objective: The aim of study was evaluating the outcomes of single dose and quadruple doses of ...  Read More

4. A Narrative Review of Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction among Nurses in Africa

Emmanuel Ajuluchukwu Ugwa; Ugwa Charity

Volume 1, Issue 3 , Summer 2016, , Pages 79-82

http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/hpr-010379

Abstract
  Background: There is a renewed interest in job satisfaction among healthcare workers including nurses in Africa and the West African sub-region due to the perception that global shifts in the internal structures and employment practices are inducing changes in the ties that bind employees to their job. ...  Read More

5. An Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Patient Treated With Homeopathy: A Case Report

Belinda Gousta; Mohsen Saberi Isfeedvajani

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, , Pages 73-75

http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/hpr-010271

Abstract
  Introduction: Homeopathy can be applied to treat various diseases and conditions such as cancer, allergy, mood disorders, headache and pain. This case showed that homeopathic medicine can be a treatment modality for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), an autoimmune-mediated hematologic disorder. ...  Read More

Original Article
1. Symptomatology, Positivity, And Type Of Care Received By Healthcare Workers Tested For COVID-19 Infection In A North-Central State In Nigeria: A Retrospective Study

Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi; Aanuoluwapo Adeyimika Afolabi; Oladayo David Awoyale; Oluwatosin Enoch Fakayode

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 11 October 2021

Abstract
  Background: The health of healthcare workers (HCWs) is an indicator of the quality of health service provision during the COVID-19 pandemic.Objectives: This study aimed to describe the symptomatology and positivity of COVID-19 infection, and type of COVID-19 care received among (HCWs) in a North-Central ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Evaluation of Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department with Chronic Pain: An Observational Clinical Study

Tuba Erdem Sultanoğlu; Hasan Sultanoğlu

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 11 October 2021

Abstract
  Background: Overcrowding of emergency departments, which are not suitable places to treat chronic pain and are responsible for managing acute disorders, leads to prolonged waiting times, delays in treating conditions requiring rapid intervention, patient dissatisfaction, and chaos and exhaustion in the ...  Read More

Case Report
3. Impact of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Patients with Parkinson’s disease: A Report of 2 Cases

Reza Bidaki; Hamid Mirhosseini; Nahid Zare

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 11 October 2021

Abstract
  Introduction: The motor function is associated with the activity of both the motor and prefrontal cortices. The efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over specific brain cortices has been examined in many psychiatric and neurologic disorders. The aim of this study is report of the ...  Read More

Brief Report
4. Increased incidence of blood and body fluid exposure and lack of transmission evidence during COVID-19 pandemic

Humberto Guanche Garcell; Ariadna Villanueva Arias

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 22 November 2021

Abstract
  Background: COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with various risks including the exposure of infectious agents. Objective: The study aims at describing the incidence of blood and body fluid (BBF) exposure in a COVID-19 facility so as viral transmission potential through blood. Methods: A descriptive ...  Read More