Hospital Practices and Research (HPR) is a peer-reviewed international academic journal published quarterly by the Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences. The journal publishes high-impact studies related to key aspects of hospital research. HPR provides a forum for hospital specialists to debate contemporary challenges of hospital research and healthcare services delivery and to seek ideas and solutions to achieve higher performance and effectiveness in healthcare settings. Our primary aim is to facilitate the exchange of ideas, hypotheses, techniques, and information among all physicians, staff, and students. The journal's main focus is placed on efficacy in improving clinically relevant outcomes such as mortality, morbidity, quality of life, function, and costs.

HPR publishes informative and multidisciplinary advances in all aspects of hospital and healthcare organization research. Regarding clinical studies, while a broad spectrum of research is welcome, HPR has a specific interest in studies examining the role of hospitalists and hospital medicine in improving the quality of healthcare, patient outcome, and overall hospital performance.

HPR is an open access, peer-reviewed, online journal and adheres to ICMJE and COPE recommendations.

Article Processing Charge (APC)

The HPR publishes all its manuscripts in full open access, meaning unlimited use and reuse of articles, in addition to giving credit to the authors. Iranian authors pay a one-time Article Processing Charge (APC) to cover the costs of peer review administration and management, language editing, designing, professional production of articles in PDF and other formats, and dissemination of published papers in various venues, in addition to other publishing functions. There are no charges for rejected articles, no submission charges, and no charges based on the length of an article, figures or supplementary data. "Letter to Editor" is free of charge".

The APC for Iranian authors (manuscripts published from Summer 2021):

Charges for Acceptance Letter: 5,000,000 Rials

Card Number: 6273-8111-3857-9526

Sheba Number: IR39-0150-0001-8146-3115-0505-01

Note: There are no submission fees or article processing charges for international authors.

 

Frequency: 4 Issues Per Year

Original Article
1. Symptomatology, Positivity, and Type of Care Received by Healthcare Workers Tested for COVID-19 Infection in a North-Central State in Nigeria: A Retrospective Study

Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi; Aanuoluwapo Adeyimika Afolabi; Oladayo David Awoyale; Oluwatosin Enoch Fakayode

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 129-136

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.25

Abstract
  Background: The health of healthcare workers (HCWs) is an indicator of the quality of health service provision during the COVID-19 pandemic.Objectives: This study aimed to describe the symptomatology and positivity of COVID-19 infection and the type of COVID-19 care received among HCWs in a North-Central ...  Read More

Original Article
2. The Comparison Between the Early Tracheostomy and Orotracheal Intubation in COVID-19 Patients Required Mechanical Ventilation

Mahdi Morshedi; Mohammad-Javad Babaei; Ali Bahramifar; Ebrahim Karimi; Shahriar Najafizadeh-Sari; Mehdi Raei; Hamed Gholizadeh

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 137-140

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.26

Abstract
  Background: Supportive respiratory care and airway management are very important in treating COVID-19 patients with respiratory failure. There are two techniques for supporting patients with respiratory failure.Objectives: The current study aims to evaluate the efficacy and quality of patient care with ...  Read More

Original Article
3. COVID-19 Screening in Rheumatologic Diseases Cases; Special Look at Chloroquine Derivate Use

Soraya Shadmanfar; Gholamhosein Alishiri; Noushin Bayat; Morteza Izadi; Ahmad Salimzadeh; Abdolrahman Rostamian; Shahla Abolghasemi; Mohammad Hossein Azimzadeh Ardebili; Zeynab Rastgar Moqaddam; Marjan Hasani; Ehsan Rahmanian; Helia Iranpanah; Ghodrat Allah Islami; Amin Saburi

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 141-147

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.27

Abstract
  Background: Among suggested medications for the treatment of COVID-19, chloroquine derivates and angiotensin-converting–enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs)/angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) are the two medications with conflicting effects on the development of the disease.Objectives: The present ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Perceived Discrimination and Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors Among American African American and White Children

Shervin Assari

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 148-156

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.28

Abstract
  Background: Perceived discrimination (PD) is a risk factor of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) for children, youth, and adults. However, it is unknown whether the association between PD and STB frequency differs between African American (AA) and Non-Hispanic White children.Objectives: In this study, ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Introducing a Bi-Level Linear Programming Model to Reduce Patient Payment and Increase Hospital Income Simultaneously

Seyyedeh Farkhondeh Tayebnasab; Mohebali Rahdar; Farhad Hamidi; Hamid Raza Maleki

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 157-163

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.29

Abstract
  Background: The cost of health care is a large part of every household’s budget. On the other hand, as an economic entity, the hospital is constantly faced with different aspects of cost and revenue. So, we are dealing with conflicting objectives.Objectives: The main purpose of the research is ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Evaluation of Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department With Chronic Pain: An Observational Clinical Study

Tuba Erdem Sultanoğlu; Hasan Sultanoğlu

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 164-169

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.30

Abstract
  Background: Overcrowding of emergency departments (EDs), which are not suitable places to treat chronic pain and are responsible for managing acute disorders, leads to prolonged waiting times, delays in treating conditions requiring rapid intervention, patient dissatisfaction, and chaos and exhaustion ...  Read More

Brief Report
7. Increased Incidence of Blood and Body Fluid Exposure and Lack of Transmission Evidence During COVID-19 Pandemic

Humberto Guanche Garcell; Ariadna Villanueva Arias

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 170-172

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.31

Abstract
  Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been associated with various risks, including the exposure of infectious agents.Objectives: The study aims at describing the incidence of blood and body fluid (BBF) exposure in a COVID-19 facility so as viral transmission potential through ...  Read More

Case Report
8. Impact of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Patients With Parkinson’s disease: A Report of 2 Cases

Reza Bidaki; Hamid Mirhosseini; Nahid Zare

Volume 6, Issue 4 , December 2021, Pages 173-176

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2021.32

Abstract
  Introduction: The motor function is associated with the activity of both the motor and prefrontal cortices. The efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over specific brain cortices has been examined in many psychiatric and neurologic disorders. This study aims to report the tDCS effects ...  Read More

1. Ethical Issues in COVID-19 Pandemic

Mohsen Saberi Isfeedvajani; Foroozan Fares; Zahra Ismaili Shahroudi Moqaddam

Volume 5, Issue 4 , December 2020, , Pages 126-133

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.25

Abstract
  The coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 disease (COVID-19) is the most current life-threating disease that affect health and economic sectors in the world. This pandemic raises weighty and urgent ethical issues that affected patients, health care provider and health care systems. Based on medical ethics textbooks, ...  Read More

2. The Impact of Motivation on the Work Performance of Health Workers (Korle Bu Teaching Hospital): Evidence from Ghana

Kofi Aduo-Adjei; Odoom Emmanuel; Opoku Mensah Forster

Volume 1, Issue 2 , May 2016, , Pages 47-52

http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/hpr-010245

Abstract
  Background: Motivation is a driver to health worker performance in most Ghanaian hospitals. In view of this, Ghana’s Ministry of Health has rolled out enough motivational policies to accentuate work performance of health workers. Objective: The focus of this study was to examine the impact of ...  Read More

3. Is a Single dose of Prophylactic Antibiotics Sufficient in Patients with Acute Non-Complicated Appendicitis?

Soleiman Hosseini Khalifani; Soleiman Heydari; Mehdi Morshedi; Hassan Ali Mohebi; Gholamali Ghorbani; Shahram Manoochehry

Volume 1, Issue 3 , August 2016, , Pages 83-86

http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/hpr-010383

Abstract
  Background: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common acute surgery events. Its main treatment is surgery. However medical management before and after the surgery has an important impact on the treatment. Objective: The aim of study was evaluating the outcomes of single dose and quadruple doses of ...  Read More

4. An Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Patient Treated With Homeopathy: A Case Report

Belinda Gousta; Mohsen Saberi Isfeedvajani

Volume 1, Issue 2 , May 2016, , Pages 73-75

http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/hpr-010271

Abstract
  Introduction: Homeopathy can be applied to treat various diseases and conditions such as cancer, allergy, mood disorders, headache and pain. This case showed that homeopathic medicine can be a treatment modality for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), an autoimmune-mediated hematologic disorder. ...  Read More

5. A Narrative Review of Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction among Nurses in Africa

Emmanuel Ajuluchukwu Ugwa; Ugwa Charity

Volume 1, Issue 3 , August 2016, , Pages 79-82

http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/hpr-010379

Abstract
  Background: There is a renewed interest in job satisfaction among healthcare workers including nurses in Africa and the West African sub-region due to the perception that global shifts in the internal structures and employment practices are inducing changes in the ties that bind employees to their job. ...  Read More

Case Series
1. Combination Therapy of ReciGen Interferon, Methylprednisolone, and Sovodak as a Candidate for Treatment of Patients with Severe COVID-19 in Iran: A Case Series

Zahra Kamiab; Ali Esmaeili Nadimi; Fatemeh Bahrehmand

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 19 January 2022

Abstract
  Introduction: During the current worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (CPVID-19), this disease was first identified in Iran at the end of February. This study was conducted to examine patients with severe COVID-19 disease, who treated with three medications, namely ReciGen, methylprednisolone, ...  Read More

Case Report
2. Transfusion-related hemochromatosis involving pituitary gland in a patient of beta-thalassemia major

Brikshya Gurung; Saurabh Maheshwari; D S Grewal; Pratik Regmi; Ajay Khadka

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 19 January 2022

Abstract
  Introduction: Hemochromatosis of the pituitary gland is a form of iron overload which occurs in different clinical conditions related to multiple blood transfusions. Case report: We present a case of secondary hemochromatosis involving the pituitary gland & choroid plexus in an 8 years old female ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Investigating Fire Protection Condition in Selected Units of Imam Khomeini Hospital Affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Science

Mojtaba Fazel; Ali Ardalan; Abbas Ostad Taghizadeh; Tahereh Yaghoubi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 14 February 2022

Abstract
  Background: Various studies indicate that in many cases, fire has broken out in hospital.Objectives: The main purpose of the present study is to assess fire protection in the selected units of Imam Khomeini hospital located in Tehran in 2020.Methods: In this descriptive-analytic study, first, a researcher-made ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Assessment of Bed utilization indicators of Medicine ward of a tertiary level hospital: A cross-sectional study in Eastern India

Manisha Sarkar; Urmila Dasgupta

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 14 February 2022

Abstract
  Background: Efficient hospital bed utilization is an important function of hospital administrators. Scarcity of beds, overcrowding, flooring is often the picture in tertiary hospitals. Objective: To find out hospital bed utilization indicators like average daily census, bed occupancy rate (BOR), average ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Saga of non-COVID patients in COVID times: Our experience in a secondary care hospital in a hilly terrain

Sanat Kumar Khanna; Saurabh Maheshwari; V Sai Vishal Goud; Himanshu Chhagan Bayad; Shruti Samyal

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 March 2022

Abstract
  Background: The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in the diversion of all the resources, attention, and energy of the medical personnel and administration towards management of COVID patients which resulted in unforeseen difficulties and hazards for non-COVID patients in accessing healthcare professionals and ...  Read More

Original Article
6. The Association of Atorvastatin Therapy with COVID-19 Outcomes and Mortality

Mahnaz Pejman; Hamid Reza Aghaei Meybodi; Seyedeh Zahra Fotook Kiaei; Marjan Akhavan; Samira Abbasloo

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 March 2022

Abstract
  Background: The world is still witnessing a largely ongoing spread of COVID-19, therefore, the scientific findings in this area need to be shared promptly. Objectives: We aimed to assess the usefulness of Atorvastatin treatment in the reduction of COVID-19 mortality in patients with or without Diabetes ...  Read More

Original Article
7. Assessing the Extent and Causes of Cancellation of Surgeries: An Important Issue in Improving the Efficiency of the Hospital

Mohammad Kazem Rahimi Zarchi; hasan jafari; parvin jafari; Rooholla Arab Sani abadi; Farzane Zare Badadkooki

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 May 2022

Abstract
  AbstractBackground and purpose: Canceling surgery imposes the high cost of the healthcare provider system and wasted many energy and time from the patient and the care team. Therefore, this study examined the extent and reasons of canceling of surgeries in one of the hospitals affiliated to Shahid Sadoughi ...  Read More