Hospital Practices and Research (HPR) is a peer-reviewed international academic journal published quarterly by the Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences with cooperation of Iranian Health Management Association (IHMA). The journal publishes high-impact studies related to key aspects of hospital research. HPR provides a forum for hospital specialists to debate contemporary challenges of hospital research and healthcare services delivery and to seek ideas and solutions to achieve higher performance and effectiveness in healthcare settings. Our primary aim is to facilitate the exchange of ideas, hypotheses, techniques, and information among all physicians, staff, and students. The journal's main focus is placed on efficacy in improving clinically relevant outcomes such as mortality, morbidity, quality of life, function, and costs.

HPR publishes informative and multidisciplinary advances in all aspects of hospital and healthcare organization research. Regarding clinical studies, while a broad spectrum of research is welcome, HPR has a specific interest in studies examining the role of hospitalists and hospital medicine in improving the quality of healthcare, patient outcome, and overall hospital performance.

HPR is an open access, peer-reviewed, online journal and adheres to ICMJE and COPE recommendations.


There are no submission fees or article processing charges for authors submitting their articles to the Hospital Practices and Research.


Frequency: 4 Issues Per Year

1. Positioning the Private Health Facilities Towards Continuous Service Provision During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Olayinka S. Ilesanmi; Aanuoluwapo A. Afolabi

Volume 5, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 122-125

  The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has triggered an increased demand for health services. Public health facilities are becoming increasingly inadequate to provide care for the increasing COVID-19 cases. Therefore, positioning the private health facilities (PHFs) to contribute to the COVID-19 ...  Read More

Review Article
2. Ethical Issues in COVID-19 Pandemic

Mohsen Saberi Isfeedvajani; Foroozan Fares; Zahra Ismaili Shahroudi Moqaddam

Volume 5, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 126-133

  The coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 disease (COVID-19) is the most current life-threating disease that affect health and economic sectors in the world. This pandemic raises weighty and urgent ethical issues that affected patients, health care provider and health care systems. Based on medical ethics textbooks, ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Sepsis at ICU Admission Increases the ICU Mortality Rates Among Very Long ICU Stay Patients: A Secondary Analysis

Farshid Rahimibashar; Mahmood Salesi; Amir Vahedian-Azimi; Masoum Khosh Fetrat

Volume 5, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 134-140

  Background: Sepsis is a very common serious medical condition among patients admitted to the intensive care units (ICUs) that increases with age and ICU length of stay (LOS). Objectives: The primary goal of this study was to estimate the mortality rate due to sepsis among adult patients admitted to the ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Educational Attainment and Satisfaction With the Healthcare System: Racial Variation

Shervin Assari

Volume 5, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 141-149

  Background: As shown by Minorities’ Diminished Returns (MDRs), ethnic minorities show weaker than expected effects of education level on health outcomes. However, this pattern is better demonstrated for health behaviors and health care utilization than satisfaction with care. Additionally, more ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Assessing Managers’ Attitudes Toward Health Promoting Hospitals at a Teaching Hospital in Tehran, Iran

Mohsen Saberi Isfeedvajani; Esmat Davoudi-Monfared; Akbar Nikpajouh; Yaser Nasiri Moghadam

Volume 5, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 150-156

  Background: Hospitals are the most important and largest providers of health services in the health system. Objectives: This study aimed to examine hospital managers’ attitudes toward health promotion policies at a teaching hospital in Tehran, Iran. Methods: This research was a descriptive-analytical ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Identifying the Type of a Contract to Transfer Health Services to Charities in Teaching Hospitals of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran

Mahmud Nayeri; Somayeh Hessam; Amir Ashkan Nasiripour; Katayoun Jahangiri

Volume 5, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 157-163

  Background: One of the most important issues in the health system is to provide the necessary resources to present health services. To increase the role of charities and facilitate public participation in the treatment area and to develop hospital units, the cooperation between charity organizations ...  Read More

Case Report
7. Delayed Neurological Sequelae Following Carbon Monoxide Poisoning and Skin Graft: A Case Report

Reza Bidaki; Azadeh Rahavi; Farzaneh Dehghani; Mohamad Ebrahim Ghanei; Najmeh Zaer-Alhosseini; Maryam Khorasani

Volume 5, Issue 4 , Autumn 2020, Pages 164-167

  Introduction: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a prevalent lethal condition. The clinical feature of this type of poisoning varies from headache and nausea to more severe conditions. After recovery from the acute intoxication, neurological or behavioral problems may emerge. In 3%-40% of cases, delayed ...  Read More

1. The Impact of Motivation on the Work Performance of Health Workers (Korle Bu Teaching Hospital): Evidence from Ghana

Kofi Aduo-Adjei; Odoom Emmanuel; Opoku Mensah Forster

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, , Pages 47-52

  Background: Motivation is a driver to health worker performance in most Ghanaian hospitals. In view of this, Ghana’s Ministry of Health has rolled out enough motivational policies to accentuate work performance of health workers. Objective: The focus of this study was to examine the impact of ...  Read More

2. Is a Single dose of Prophylactic Antibiotics Sufficient in Patients with Acute Non-Complicated Appendicitis?

Soleiman Hosseini Khalifani; Soleiman Heydari; Mehdi Morshedi; Hassan Ali Mohebi; Gholamali Ghorbani; Shahram Manoochehry

Volume 1, Issue 3 , Summer 2016, , Pages 83-86

  Background: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common acute surgery events. Its main treatment is surgery. However medical management before and after the surgery has an important impact on the treatment. Objective: The aim of study was evaluating the outcomes of single dose and quadruple doses of ...  Read More

3. A Narrative Review of Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction among Nurses in Africa

Emmanuel Ajuluchukwu Ugwa; Ugwa Charity

Volume 1, Issue 3 , Summer 2016, , Pages 79-82

  Background: There is a renewed interest in job satisfaction among healthcare workers including nurses in Africa and the West African sub-region due to the perception that global shifts in the internal structures and employment practices are inducing changes in the ties that bind employees to their job. ...  Read More

4. Drug Supply Chain Management and Implementation of Health Reform Plan in Teaching Hospital Pharmacies of Ahvaz, Iran

Effat Jahanbani; Reza Shakoori; Masoume Bagheri-Kahkesh

Volume 1, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, , Pages 141-145

  Background: Drugs play a strategic role as a health commodity. Thus, the supply chain management of drugs is an important issue to reducing costs and thereby improving patient health. Objective: This study evaluated the status of drug supply chain management and health reform in the pharmaceutical sector ...  Read More

5. The Status of Outsourcing Services in a Specialized Tehran Hospital Using SWOT

Parisa Mehdizadeh; Nooredin Dopeykar; Ezzatollah Gol-Alizadeh; Maryam Yaghoubi

Volume 1, Issue 3 , Summer 2016, , Pages 95-99

  Background: Outsourcing in healthcare is a cost-effective strategy that reduces costs and increases service quality. Managers must attempt to outsource healthcare services using scientific methods. Objective: This study is a strategic analysis of the outsourcing of health services in one specialty and ...  Read More

Original Article
1. Socio-demographic and clinical profile of Health care workers diagnosed for COVID-19 by Truenat at a Tertiary care COVID Hospital

Bineeta Kashyap; Rajat Jhamb; NP Singh; Krishna Sarkar; Rajnish Avasthi; Ashwani Khanna

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 08 January 2021

  Background: In December 2019, in the city of Wuhan, China; a new coronavirus emerged, that had not been previously identified in humans. Objectives: Since infected health care workers (HCWs) may be responsible for secondary transmission to patients, their contacts and finally community, it becomes crucial ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Age and Length of Hospital Stay in Patients With Sepsis at the ICU Admission Can Prolong the Duration of Endotracheal Intubation

Farshid Rahimibashar; Amir Vahedian azimi; Mahmood Salesi; Masoum Khosh Fetrat

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 08 January 2021

  Background: Endotracheal intubation (EI) associated with mechanical ventilation (MV) is frequently performed in critical ill patients admitted in ICU with sepsis. Methods: Adult patients admitted in the mixed medical–surgical ICUs with sepsis at the ICU admission who needs prolonged mechanical ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Identifying the Factors Affecting the Management of Addiction Treatment Clinics, a Qualitative Study

Iraj Abdi; Ali Komeili; Leila Riahi; Seyed Jamaledin Tabibi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 19 October 2020

  Background: Due to the expansion of addiction treatment clinics and the costs that these clinics incur on the government and the families of addicts, it is necessary to monitor the performance of these clinics and the need to pay attention to the principles of management, efficiency and effectiveness. ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Primary Patency Rate of Superficial Femoral Artery Angioplasty in Patients with Stenosis/Occlusion of Femoropopliteal Artery in Sina Specialized & Subspecialty Hospital for Angiography: 2016-2018

Ali Gilani; Pezhman Farshidmehr; Hossein Zabihi Mahmoudabadi; Mohammad Sadra Nazari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 08 January 2021

  Background: The primary patency rate (PPR) is still controversial in angioplasty and heart bypass surgery for blood vessel repair and reconstruction in patients with femoropopliteal disease. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the prolonged PPR rate in patients with stenosis/occlusion of the ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Relationship Between Educational Justice and Academic Burnout in Medical Interns

Arash Malakian; Mehdi Sayyah; Kowsar Motamed

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 25 November 2020

  Introduction: Poor teaching and lack of proper relations between teacher and student and various other causes affect students' academic burnout. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the relationship between educational justice and academic burnout in medical interns of Ahvaz Jundishapur ...  Read More

Case Report
6. Spontaneous Pneumothorax and Pneumomediastenum following COVID-19

Ensieh Vahedi; Seyed Jalal Madani; Hamideh Molaee; Esmat Davoudi Monfared

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 December 2020

  Introduction: pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax is usually a rarer condition after pnomonia. This study examines the progress of pneumonia of the COVID-19 to spontaneous pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum in a patient Case Presentation: The patient was a 40-year-old man who complained of nonproductive ...  Read More