Document Type: Original Article
Department of Health Services Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU), Tehran, IR Iran
Background: Person-organization fit is an effective factor for recruiting, selection, and retention of human resources in organizations.
Objective: This study examined the correlation between person-organization fit and performance indicators used in healthcare in the hospitals affiliated with Qazvin University of Medical Sciences (QUMS).
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014. A total of 324 employees were randomly selected from among the study population comprising the staff of teaching hospitals affiliated with QUMS. The sample size was distributed between the hospitals using the class-ratio method. Data were collected using person-organization fit (Scroggins) questionnaires, and their validity and reliability were evaluated. Data analysis was done using Spearman-Pearson correlation, chi-square, and Kruskal-Wallis tests.
Results: In terms of values fit, personality fit, and skills, knowledge, and ability fit, hospital C ranked first among the hospitals tested with average ratings of 175.99, 195.53, 199.49, respectively. Significant relationships were found between person-organization fit and patients admitted per bed, median duration of patient stay, and crude mortality rate. No significant relationships were found between person-organization fit and the performance indicators of bed circulation and bed occupancy rate (p ≤ 0.05).
Conclusion: In order to show an association between person-organization fit and the performance indicators, more efficient use of resources and improved efficiency is suggested. Policymakers must pay more attention to person-organization fit during recruitment, selection, and assignment of staff.
- Alaedini F, Mirza Sadeghi A, Karimi S, Moghari M, Maleki A, Tajik Saeedi J. Performance management system in Ziaeian hospital emergency [Online]. 2003 [cited 2010 Apr 20].
- April Chang W-J, Chun Huang T. Relationship between strategic human resource management and firm performance: A contingency perspective. Int J Manpow. 2005;26(5):434-49. [DOI]
- Armstrong M, Baron A. Strategic HRM: The key to improved business performance: CIPD Publishing; 2002.
- Gholipour A, Roshannejad M, Sherafat S. Explaining the impact of person-organization fit on work alienation and work engagement. Strategic Manag Thought. 2010;4(1):209-30. Persian
- Cable DM, Judge TA. Person–organization fit, job choice decisions, and organizational entry. Organ Behav Hum Decis Process. 1996;67(3):294-311. [DOI]
- Chatman J, editor Matching people and organizations: Selection and socialization in public accounting firms. Academy of Management Proceedings; 1989: Academy of Management.
- Lewin K. Field Theory in Social Science, Selected Theoretical Papers, edited by D. Cartwright. D, New York, NY, Harpers. 1951.
- Reisi A, Bahrami S, Safdari S, Shafiei S. Evaluating the relationship between individual-organization fit and job satisfaction among nursing managers in University Hospitals of Isfahan, Iran. Health Inf Manag. 2013;9(7):1024-31. Persian
- Billsberry J, Ambrosini V, Moss-Jones J, Marsh P. Some suggestions for mapping organizational members’ sense of fit. J Bus Psychol. 2005;19(4):555-70. [DOI]
- Hoffman BJ, Woehr DJ. A quantitative review of the relationship between person–organization fit and behavioral outcomes. J Vocat Behav. 2006;68(3):389-99. [DOI]
- Van Hooft EA, Born MP, Taris TW, Van der Flier H. Ethnic and Gender Differences in Applicants' Decision‐Making Processes: An Application of the Theory of Reasoned Action. Int J Select Assess. 2006;14(2):156-66. [DOI]
- Ravaghi H, Shams L, Aryankhesal A, Salehi M. Person-organization fit and organizational commitment in University Hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Health Inf Manag. 2013;10(2):281-91. Persian
- Abzari M, Abbasi A, Haghshenas A, Ansari ME. The impact of organizational person-organization fit and organizational culture on organizational behaviors of university faculties in university.(Case study: Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman). Manage Res Iran. 2010;14(2):1-20. Persian
- Amerioun A, Mahmoudi N. Hospital manager's leadership style from staffs viewpoint and its relationship with hospital indicators. J Mil Med. 2011;13(3):125-32.
- Tepeci M, Bartlett AB. The hospitality industry culture profile: a measure of individual values, organizational culture, and person–organization fit as predictors of job satisfaction and behavioral intentions. Int J Hosp Manag. 2002;21(2):151-70. [DOI]
- Kristof‐Brown A, Barrick MR, Kay Stevens C. When opposites attract: a multi‐sample demonstration of complementary person‐team fit on extraversion. J Personal. 2005;73(4):935-58. [DOI]
- Feldman DC, Ng TW. Careers: Mobility, embeddedness, and success. J Manag. 2007;33(3):350-77. [DOI]
- Verquer ML, Beehr TA, Wagner SH. A meta-analysis of relations between person–organization fit and work attitudes. J Vocat Behav. 2003;63(3):473-89. [DOI]
- Ardalan MR, Salimi Q, Rajaeepour S, Molavy H. A study of Relationship between Person-Organization Fit and Organizational Culture in Western Iran State Universities) Hamedan, Kermanshah and Kordestan). Q J Res Plan High Edu. 2008;14(1):97-131.
- Amerioun A, Hosseini Shokouh J, Zaboli R, Karimi Zarchi A. Management style of military hospitals and its relationship with hospital performance indicators. J Mil Med. 2013;15(1):59-68.
- Van Vianen AE, Shen CT, Chuang A. Person–organization and person–supervisor fits: Employee commitments in a Chinese context. J Organ Behav. 2011;32(6):906-26. [DOI]
- Ulutas M, Kalkan A, Bozkurt ÖÇ. The effect of person-organization fit on job stress and conflict: An application on employees of businesses in Dalaman international airport. Int J Social Sci Hum Studies. 2008;3(1):281-91.
- Gregory BT, Albritton MD, Osmonbekov T. The mediating role of psychological empowerment on the relationships between P–O fit, job satisfaction, and in-role performance. J Bus Psychol. 2010;25(4):639-47.[DOI]