Document Type: Original Article
Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Department of Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Background: In providing optimum medical and health services, great pressure is put on the physical and mental health of family physicians. Job burnout is damaging to the health of family physicians and medical treatment personnel. It leads to reduced job productivity, increased absenteeism, increased healthcare costs, elevated turnover rates, a reduced level of service provided to patients, and ultimately, patient dissatisfaction.
Objective: The current research investigated job burnout among family physicians in rural areas of Isfahan province during the years 2017-2018.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Isfahan province during the years 2017-2018. The research population included all family physicians working in Isfahan province, and 155 of whom met the inclusion criteria and participated in this research. Questionnaires were used as the data collection tool. Data was analyzed using SPSS software, and the analytical variables were analyzed using the independent t test and Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results: A total of 45 men (29%) and 110 women (71%) comprised the research population. Participants’ mean age and mean duration of work experience were 35.3±8.1 and 7.5 years, respectively. The scores for overall job burnout, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and lack of personal accomplishment dimensions were low among the family physicians in Isfahan. The results showed no significant difference between male and female, single and married participants in any of the dimensions. The results also revealed a direct relationship between years of work experience and the overall job burnout and lack of personal accomplishment scores.
Conclusion: According to the findings of the present research and considering the stressful nature of a family physician’s job, healthcare authorities need to pay special attention to job burnout and implement measures to prevent it or at least reduce its subsequent adverse effects.
- Ozyurt A, Hayran O, Sur H. Predictors of burnout and job satisfaction among Turkish physicians. QJM. 2006;99(3):161- 169. doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcl019.
- Maslach C. Burnout: A social psychological analysis. Human Behavior. 1976;5:16-22.
- Maslach C, Goldberg J. Prevention of burnout: New perspectives. Appl Prev Psychol. 1998;7(1):63-74. doi:10.1016/ S0962-1849(98)80022-X.
- Baraz Pordanjani S, karimipor F, Ebrahimi Dastgerdi M. Evaluation of the relationship between self - esteem and burnout in nurses of hospitals of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. Iran J Nurs Res. 2012;7(27):44-51.
- Rajaei M, Haghighi H, Dadipoor S, et al. Relationship between occupational stress and job satisfaction among Iranian obstetricians. Hormozgan Med J. 2013;17(3):249-255.
- Moein M, Adib Hajbaghery M. Comparison of Occupational Stress among Female Nurses and Female Members of the Medical Group in Chosen Training Hospitals in Isfahan. J Nurs Educ. 2015;3(2):1-10.
- Roberts R, Golding J, Towell T, Weinreb I. The effects of economic circumstances on British students’ mental and physical health. J Am Coll Health. 1999;48(3):103-109. doi:10.1080/07448489909595681.
- Romani M, Ashkar K. Burnout among physicians. Libyan J Med. 2014;9:23556. doi:10.3402/ljm.v9.23556.
- Wu S, Zhu W, Wang Z, Wang M, Lan Y. Relationship between burnout and occupational stress among nurses in China. J Adv Nurs. 2007;59(3):233-239. doi:10.1111/j.1365- 2648.2007.04301.x.
- Gorrell BJ, Langenbach M. Curriculum issues related to nurse turnover. J Nurs Educ. 1994;33(3):101-106. doi:10.3928/0148- 4834-19940301-04.
- Hakim Shooshtari M, Khajeholdin N, Arabgol F, Ellahi F. The relationship between nurse burnout and their infant behavior problems. Advances in Cognitive Sciences. 2004;6(1-2):67-72.
- Seuntjens AD. Burnout in nursing--what it is and how to prevent it. Nurs Adm Q. 1982;7(1):12-19. doi:10.1097/00006216-198200710-00005.
- Navidian A, Masoudi G, Mousavi SS. Work-related Stress and the General Health of Nursing Staffs in Zahedans’ Hospitals Emergency Wards (2004). J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2005;9(3):17-26. [Persian].
- Rahmani F, Behshid M, Zamanzadeh V, Rahmani F. Relationship between general health, occupational stress and burnout in critical care nurses of Tabriz teaching hospitals. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2010;23(66):54-63.
- Dick MJ. Burnout in doctorally prepared nurse faculty. J Nurs Educ. 1992;31(8):341-346. doi:10.3928/0148-4834- 19921001-04.
- Oehler JM, Davidson MG, Starr LE, Lee DA. Burnout, job stress, anxiety, and perceived social support in neonatal nurses. Heart Lung. 1991;20(5 Pt 1):500-505.
- Anisi J, Eskandari M, Ghorbani Z, Abdolmohammadi E. Personal and organizational factors related to job burnout in naval personnel. J Behav Sci. 2010;4(3):249-253.
- Van Horn JE, Schaufeli WB, Greenglass ER, Burke RJ. A Canadian -Dutch comparison of teachers ‘burnout. Psychol Rep. 1997;81(2):371-382. doi:10.2466/pr0.19184.108.40.2061.
- McCray LW, Cronholm PF, Bogner HR, Gallo JJ, Neill RA. Resident physician burnout: is there hope? Fam Med. 2008;40(9):626-632.
- Mohammadpoorasl A, Maleki A, Sahebihagh MH. Prevalence of professional burnout and its related factors among nurses in Tabriz in 2010. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2012;17(7):524- 529.
- Filian E. Evaluation of burnout and its correlation with coping mechanisms in nurses of educational hospitals of Tehran [dissertation]. Tehran: Tehran Univ Med Sci; 1993.
- Mahdizadeh M, Vafaei A, Taghipour A, Esmaeily H, Mahdizadeh SM, Ebrahimipour H. Occupational burnout and influence of work environment factors among family physicians in Khorasan Razavi. Occupational Medicine Quarterly Journal. 2014;5(4):42-51.
- Abdulghafour YA, Bo-hamra AM, Al-Randi MS, Kamel MI, El-Shazly MK. Burnout syndrome among physicians working in primary health care centers in Kuwait. Alex J Med. 2011;47(4):351-357. doi:10.1016/j.ajme.2011.08.004.
- Massoudi R, Etemadifar S, Afzali SM, Khayri F, Hassanpour Dehkordi A. The influential factors on burnout among nurses working in private hospitals in Tehran. Iran J Nurs Res. 2008;3(8-9):47-58. [Persian].
- Mahmoodi GH, Rouhi GH, Moogerlou M, Rahmani Anaraki H. Relantionship of burnout in nursing with physical sitution and spicial in work environment. Ghorgan Med J. 2006;8(2):40-47. [Persian].
- Koys DJ. The effects of employee satisfaction, organizational citizenship behavior, and turnover on organizational effectiveness: A unit-level, longitudinal study. Pers Psychol. 2001;54(1):101-114. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6570.2001.tb00087.x.
- Talaei A, Mokhber N, Mohammad – Nejad M, Samari AA. Burnout and its related factors in staffs of university hospitals in Mashhad in 2006. koomesh J. 2008;9(3):237-246. [Persian].
- Koivula M, Paunonen M, Laippala P. Burnout among nursing staff in two Finnish hospitals. J Nurs Manag. 2000;8(3):149- 158. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2834.2000.00167.x.
- Frade Mera MJ, Vinagre Gaspar R, Zaragoza Garcia I, et al. [Burnout syndrome in different intensive care units]. Enferm Intensiva. 2009;20(4):131-140. doi: 10.1016/S1130-2399(09)73221-3.
- Santana Cabrera L, Hernandez Medina E, Eugenio Robaina P, Sanchez-Palacios M, Perez Sanchez R, Falcon Moreno R. [Burnout syndrome among nurses and nurses’ aides in an intensive care unit and admission wards]. Enferm Clin. 2009;19(1):31-34. doi:10.1016/j.enfcli.2008.06.001.