Background: Efficient hospital bed utilization is an important function of hospital administrators. Scarcity of beds, overcrowding, and flooring are often the picture of tertiary hospitals.
Objectives: This study aims to find out hospital bed utilization indicators such as average daily census, bed occupancy rate (BOR), average length of stay (ALS), bed turnover rate (BTR), and bed turnover interval (BTI) in Medicine ward of a tertiary hospital in West Bengal, India.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in acute male and female as well as chronic male and female wards under medicine department of a tertiary hospital in West Bengal from June to August 2018.The record of active beds, patient days, daily admissions and discharge were reviewed for May 2018 by complete enumeration method from admission, discharge and death registers and recorded in a pre-designed pretested checklist. Average daily census, BOR, ALS, BTR, and BTI were computed using standard formula. Pabon Lasso model was used to analyse the performance of the nedicine ward.
Results: Average daily census, ALS, BOR, BTR, BTI in medicine ward were 261.81 patients, 8 days, 108.55%, 4.22 patients/ bed and -0.63 days respectively. Pabon Lasso graph reflected high BOR and high discharges per bed (productivity) in acute medicine wards reflecting good quantitative performance in contrast to chronic medicine wards with low discharges per bed (productivity or BTR) and higher ALS.
Conclusion: Medicine ward reflected higher BOR and ALS but lower BTR (productivity) as per the Pabon Lasso graph. Efforts must be made to reduce ALS in chronic medicine wards.