Document Type : Original Article
1 Department of Physiology, OACHS, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, OACHS, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria
Background: The risk of developing diabetes mellitus for an individual with a positive family history of the disease is two-to fourfold higher in an offspring of a diabetic compared with offspring of non-diabetic.
Objectives: This study aimed to assess the anthropometric parameters of offspring of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in Sagamu, Nigeria.
Methods: Study subjects were 100 offspring of consecutive T2DM patients’ attending a hospital endocrinology clinic. Diabetic offspring were exempted from the study. FBS was determined employing enzymatic hexokinase method. Height, weight, waist circumference (WC), and hip circumference (HC) were measured utilizing standard methods while body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) were calculated.
Results: There were 50 males and 50 females study subjects, aged 16 to 65 years. The most populated aged group was 16 to 25 years of which 48.6% (n = 36) were males and 51.4% (n = 38) were females. Totally, 18 subjects were either obese or overweight. Significantly, male subjects had a greater mean weight compared to females (P = 0.021) while females had greater mean BMI (P = 0.037). Mean WHR was significantly higher among male subjects (P = 0.018).
Conclusion: Common Anthropometric parameters are normal, female subjects tend to have higher BMI while males have higher weight and WHR.