Original Article
Prevalence of Vertebral Compression Fracture Among Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients in Sulaymaniyah

Hemn Hassan Mohamed; Raouf Rahim Merza

Volume 7, Issue 4 , December 2022, Pages 123-130


  Background: The risk of fractured vertebral increases in patients with rheumatoid arthritis as they are more likely to suffer from osteopenia, and osteoporosis.Objectives: This study aimed to investigating the rate and risk factors of vertebral fractures in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.Methods: ...  Read More

Original Article
Adjuvant Perioperative Intravenous Lidocaine is Effective and Safe for Postoperative Pain Management and Rehabilitation in Gynecology Surgery: A Randomized, Single-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

Raymond Ndikontar; Roddy Stephan Bengono Bengono; Albert Ludovic Amengle; Joel Noutakdie Tochie; Bonaventure Jemea; Junette Metogo Mbengono; Paul Owono Etoundi; Jacqueline Ze Minkande

Volume 7, Issue 4 , December 2022, Pages 131-137


  Background: There is scant data on the effectiveness and safety of adjuvant perioperative intravenous (IV) lidocaine in procuring postoperative analgesia and rehabilitation in gynecology surgery in low-resource settings.Objectives: To evaluate the effects of IV lidocaine on postoperative pain and rehabilitation ...  Read More

Original Article
Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Protective Effect of Educational Attainment on Chronic Pain

Shervin Assari; Mona Darvishi; Arash Rahmani; Seyedeh Mohaddeseh Khatami; Izadrad Najand; Babak Najand; Hossein Zare

Volume 7, Issue 4 , December 2022, Pages 138-144


  Background: The broad scientific community generally associates high socioeconomic status (SES) with better health. However, the protective effects of high educational attainment on health may be weaker for racial and ethnic minorities than non-Latino White individuals. It is important to study whether ...  Read More

Original Article
A Retrospective Study: ABO and Rh Phenotype Blood Group Distribution Amongst Different Types of Craniosynostosis Patients

Ali Riazi; Ali Abbasivand; Alireza Arabi; Mehrdad Larry

Volume 7, Issue 4 , December 2022, Pages 145-148


  Background: Craniosynostosis refers to the premature fusion of cranial sutures. Premature closure can impair brain development and cognitive problems. Only available treatment of craniosynostosis is through surgical intervention which is associated with excessive blood loss.Objectives: In this study, ...  Read More

Original Article
An Investigation of the COVID-19-Related Anxiety Levels of Individuals According to Some Demographic Variables

Kamuran Cerit

Volume 7, Issue 4 , December 2022, Pages 149-156


  Background: Pandemics such as COVID-19 create heightened fear and anxiety, causing deterioration in the behaviours, social and psychological well-being of people. It can be thought that the anxiety levels of healthcare workers will increase more because they have a higher risk of contamination, work ...  Read More

Original Article
Serum Vitamin D, Renal Biomarkers, Protein Profile and Some Electrolytes in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients With a Clinical Trial of Vitamin D Therapy

Maged M. Yassin; Said S. Al-Ghora; Mohammed M. Laqqan; Saleh N. Mwafy; Soha A. Abdallah

Volume 7, Issue 4 , December 2022, Pages 157-163


  Background: Vitamin D deficiency is involved in a broad spectrum of diseases including chronic kidney disease (CKD).Objectives: This study was designed to assess serum vitamin D, renal biomarkers, protein profile, and electrolytes in CKD patients with a clinical trial of vitamin D therapy.Methods: This ...  Read More

Original Article
Determined the Frequency of Neurosurgeries Canceled Due to the Asymptomatic COVID-19 in the Patients

Mehdi Mahmoodkhani; Soroush Najafi; Mehdi Shafiei; Shohreh Jafari

Volume 7, Issue 4 , December 2022, Pages 164-170


  Background: The COVID‑19 pandemic has caused severe complications, deaths, and damage to societies, and the disease course is unpredictable and ranges from asymptomatic infections to multi‑organ failure and death.Objectives: The present study determined the frequency of neurosurgeries canceled owing ...  Read More

Original Article
Investigating the Effect of Post-Delivery Telephone Counseling on the Rate of Exclusive Breastfeeding Among Infants

Kazem Hassanpour; Marjan Vejdani; Mozhdeh Navi Nezhad; Mehdi Jalili Akbarian; Esmat Davoudi-Monfared; Parastoo Amiri

Volume 7, Issue 4 , December 2022, Pages 171-175


  Background: Owing to the crucial role of nutrition with breast milk for both the mother and infant, the implementation of programs that support breastfeeding seems essential.Objective: This study aims to determine the effect of post-delivery telephone counseling on the rate of exclusive breastfeeding ...  Read More