3. Audit of Minimally Invasive Hysterectomy Rates: A Canadian Retrospective Cross-Sectional Database Review

Devon Evans; Margaret Burnett

Volume 3, Issue 1 , Winter 2018, , Pages 1-5

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2018.01

Abstract
  Background: Minimally invasive hysterectomy is generally preferable to abdominal hysterectomy. The technicity index (TI) is the proportion of hysterectomies performed by minimally invasive surgery. Many centers globally have started to audit local TI as a quality indicator, but only a handful have published ...  Read More

4. The Future of Healthcare Facilities: How Technology and Medical Advances May Shape Hospitals of the Future

Mohsen Vatandoost; Sanaz Litkouhi

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2019, , Pages 1-11

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2019.01

Abstract
  In this review article, we aim to depict how healthcare facilities may look in the near future from an architectural design point of view. For this purpose, we review newly introduced technology and medical advances in the field of healthcare, such as artificial intelligence (AI), robotic surgery, 3D ...  Read More

8. The Position of E-Health in Reshaping Doctor/Patient Communications

Ahmad Salimzadeh; Alireza Jalali-Farahani; Mohammadjavad Alishiri; Gholam Hossein Alishiri; Ali Ayoubian

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, , Pages 39-41

http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/hpr-010239

Abstract
  Accessibility to all levels of information technology has experienced rapid progress in recent years, particularly in the health sector. Rapid penetration into this technology has led to changes in lifestyles and changes in the working procedures of institutions. In 2014, the number of Internet users ...  Read More

9. Risk Factors for Surgical Site Infection After Appendectomy for Acute Appendicitis; Results of a Cross-Sectional Study Carried out at a Community Hospital in Qatar (2013-2016)

Humberto Guanche Garcell; Ariadna Villanueva Arias; Cristobal A. Pancorbo Sandoval; Adam Bode Sado; Ramón Nonato Alfonso Serrano; Francisco Gutierrez García

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Spring 2019, , Pages 45-49

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2019.08

Abstract
  Background: Identifying risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI) after appendectomies could be useful in focusing prevention programs. Objective: The current study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with SSI in a cohort of patients from a single center in Western Qatar. Methods: This ...  Read More

10. Partial 2-Stage Revision in Chronic Hip Arthroplasty Infections: A Review

Francesco Castagnini; Luca Busanelli; Giovanni Bracci; Enrico Tassinari; Federico Biondi; Claudio Masetti; Aldo Toni

Volume 3, Issue 3 , Summer 2018, , Pages 72-75

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2018.16

Abstract
  Background: Periprosthetic hip infections (PHIs) are troublesome complications of hip arthroplasties. The gold standard procedure for treating chronic PHI is a 2-stage approach. Recently, however, more conservative approaches have been developed to spare the osseointegrated components and avoid sequestra, ...  Read More

11. Peer Review – Legal and Ethical Issues Faced by Medical Staff: The Mandate for Physician Leadership

Zachary Paterick; Timothy E. Paterick

Volume 4, Issue 3 , Summer 2019, , Pages 76-79

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2019.15

Abstract
  Physicians working in hospitals face challenges when it comes to understanding and meeting the medical, legal, and ethical subjects outlined in the hospital bylaws. Hospital staff physicians and the hospital administration both aspire for high quality medical care and the assurance of patient safety. ...  Read More

12. A Narrative Review of Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction among Nurses in Africa

Emmanuel Ajuluchukwu Ugwa; Ugwa Charity

Volume 1, Issue 3 , Summer 2016, , Pages 79-82

http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/hpr-010379

Abstract
  Background: There is a renewed interest in job satisfaction among healthcare workers including nurses in Africa and the West African sub-region due to the perception that global shifts in the internal structures and employment practices are inducing changes in the ties that bind employees to their job. ...  Read More

13. Is Aspirin Still the Cornerstone of Antiplatelet Therapy in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease? An Historical and Practical Narrative Review

Carol Gravinese; Matteo Bianco; Enrico Cerrato; Paola Destefanis; Alessia Luciano; Alessandro Bernardi; Simone Bellucca; Ferdinando Varbella; Fiorenzo Gaita; Roberto Pozzi

Volume 2, Issue 4 , Autumn 2017, , Pages 94-101

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2017.24

Abstract
  Aspirin is an irreversible and non-selective inhibitor of cyclo-oxygenase. It represents the cornerstone of antiplatelet therapy and is used in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Disagreement over the optimal maintenance dosage still exists; in America and Europe the most used doses of aspirin ...  Read More

14. Unintended Consequences of Hospital Payment: The Case of Swiss Diagnosis Related Groups

Philippe Widmer; Peter Zweifel

Volume 1, Issue 4 , Autumn 2016, , Pages 105-113

http://dx.doi.org/10.21859/hpr-0104105

Abstract
  Background: In 2012, Switzerland changed from retrospective to prospective hospital payment based on diagnosis related groups (DRGs), following the example of the United States, Australia, and Germany. As in these countries, the objective of this transition was to motivate hospitals to improve efficiency ...  Read More

15. Ultrasound Guided Infraclavicular Block for Pain Control After Upper Extremity Surgery

Derya Yalçın; Dilek Erdoğan Arı; Ceren Köksal; Cansu Akın; Sinan Karaca; Özgür Karakuş

Volume 3, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, , Pages 108-112

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2018.24

Abstract
  Background: Opioids added to local anesthetics for peripheral nerve blocks may intensify analgesia and prolong analgesic and sensorial block duration. These agents may also cause potentiation and prolongation of motor block. Objective: This study compared the postoperative effects of 30 mL of 0.25% ...  Read More

16. Quality of Life in Patients With Liver Cirrhosis: A Systematic Review

Marzieh Pazokian; Maryam Esmaeili

Volume 4, Issue 4 , Autumn 2019, , Pages 111-116

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2019.23

Abstract
  Background: Quality of life (QOL) is a powerful phrase that reflects maintaining health and well-being in different societies and cultures, reflecting the positive and negative aspects of people’s lives. Patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) have an undesirable QOL, and this has become one of the ...  Read More

17. Temporal Series Analysis on Avoidable Mortality for the Assessment of an Intervention Program in a Hospital

Jose L. Alfonso-Sanchez; Belen Alfonso-Landete; Maria Martinez-Martinez

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Winter 2017, , Pages 2-8

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2017.02

Abstract
  Background: Avoidable mortality (AM) is one of the most important health indicators (HI) and represents the quality of care in a hospital.Objective: This study measured the efficacy of a training program for a hospital healthcare staff to reduce AM.Methods: This epidemiological study on community intervention ...  Read More

18. Up-to-date Treatments of Primary Hyperhidrosis with Focus on Sympathectomy and Sympathicotomy; a Narrative Review

Shahram Manoochehry; Hassan Ali Mohebi; Mohammad Javad Behzadnia; Reza Mohtashami

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Winter 2016, , Pages 3-7

http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/hpr-01013

Abstract
  Background: Primary hyperhidrosis (PH) refers to excessive sweating, beyond normal physiological levels, in specific sites of the body for unknown reasons. It is usually bilateral and is most prominent in the palms, axillae, feet, and face. PH prevalence is estimated to be 0%-6.1% in different populations. ...  Read More

19. Duration of Hospital Stay in Alcohol/Substance Addictions and Psychiatric Disorders: A 12-Year Retrospective Analysis

Bahadir Geniş; Behcet Cosar

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, , Pages 3-9

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.02

Abstract
  Background: Mental disorders are generally a significant reason for increased morbidity. They constitute a serious disease burden. One of the main reasons for this disease burden is long hospitalization periods. Objective: The current study investigated the length of hospital stay and the variables affecting ...  Read More

20. Sickness absenteeism of Healthcare Workers in a Teaching Hospital

Maryam Mollazadeh; Maryam Saraei; Ramin Mehrdad; Nazanin Izadi

Volume 3, Issue 1 , Winter 2018, , Pages 6-10

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2018.02

Abstract
  Background: Absence from work for health reasons is known as “sickness absenteeism”. Frequent sick leave is a major concern to any organization, especially hospitals. Objective: This study analyzed the extent and causes of sickness absenteeism in a teaching hospital and evaluated its corelation ...  Read More

21. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease in Family Relatives of a Cameroonian Population of Hemodialysis Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study

Mazou Temgoua; Gloria Ashuntantang; Marie José Essi; Joël Nouktadie Tochie; Moussa Oumarou; Acho Fon Abongwa; Aimé Mbonda; Samuel Kingue

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter 2019, , Pages 12-17

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2019.02

Abstract
  Background: In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the trend in the number of patients admitted for maintenance hemodialysis is on the rise. The identification of risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD) ensures adequate primary and secondary preventive measures geared at reducing the burden of CKD in low-resource ...  Read More

22. The Localization of Pharmaceutical Clinical Research in Europe

Greta Falavigna; Roberto Ippoliti

Volume 2, Issue 2 , Spring 2017, , Pages 29-35

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2017.09

Abstract
  Background: Clinical research is a specific phase of the production process in the pharmaceutical industry in which companies test candidate drugs on patients in order to collect clinical evidence about safety and effectiveness.Objective: This paper is an operational research which aimed to support the ...  Read More

23. Arrhythmias in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension; A Narrative Review of the Current Literature

Dirk Bandorski; Reinhard Hoeltgen

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Spring 2018, , Pages 37-43

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2018.09

Abstract
  Incidence and prognostic relevance of supraventricular arrhythmias were evaluated in nine studies. These studies investigated patients with different forms of pulmonary hypertension. Supraventricular arrhythmias were more often found in patients with group two pulmonary hypertension. Common findings ...  Read More

24. Routine Offered Protocol is not reliable for Thrombophlebitis Prevention

Habib Yaribeygi; Mohammad Javad Hosseini; Hamid Rokhsarizadeh; Gholam Hossein Meftahi; Mahmoud Salesi

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Spring 2016, , Pages 43-46

http://dx.doi.org/10.20286/hpr-010241

Abstract
  Background: Intravenous catheterization is a routine technique in medical centers which can cause diverse problems such as thrombophlebitis. Objective: This study aimed to resolve replacement scheduling and proper cannula diameter and position issues for intravenous catheters. Methods: In this 2015 experimental ...  Read More

25. Immunosuppressive Drugs and Kidney Post-transplant Diabetes Mellitus

Ismael Bilal Ismael; Sarhang Hasan Azeez

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Spring 2019, , Pages 50-56

http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/hpr.2019.09

Abstract
  Background: As the rate of renal transplantation increases, more immunosuppressive drugs such as cyclosporine A (CsA) are consumed, particularly during the early months following transplantation, leading to post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) which can cause death. Objective: The present study examined ...  Read More