Original Article
2. Duration of Hospital Stay in Alcohol/Substance Addictions and Psychiatric Disorders: A 12-Year Retrospective Analysis

Bahadir Geniş; Behcet Cosar

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 3-9

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.02

Abstract
  Background: Mental disorders are generally a significant reason for increased morbidity. They constitute a serious disease burden. One of the main reasons for this disease burden is long hospitalization periods. Objective: The current study investigated the length of hospital stay and the variables affecting ...  Read More

Original Article
3. 3D-Conformal Radiation Therapy and Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Techniques for Laryngeal Cancer Taking Parotid Glands as Organ at Risk

Dler K. Ismael; Fatiheea F. Hassan

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 10-16

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.03

Abstract
  Background: Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) techniques are used for the treatment of patients with laryngeal cancer. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of these 2 treatment techniques on the planning target volume (PTV) ...  Read More

Original Article
4. Combined Effects of Race and Educational Attainment on Physician Visits Over 24 Years in a National Sample of Middle-Aged and Older Americans

Shervin Assari

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 17-23

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.04

Abstract
  Background: The literature on Minorities’ Diminished Returns (MDRs) have shown worse than expected health of the members of racial and ethnic minority groups particularly Blacks. Theoretically, this effect can be in part due to weaker effects of educational attainment on preventive care and disease ...  Read More

Original Article
5. Correlation Between Suicide Attempts and a History of Childhood Abuse in Adults Referring to the Toxicity Emergency Units of Yazd City, Iran

Elham Bazdar; Bonnie Bozorg; Fatemeh Ayoobi; Hamid Owliae; Reza Bidaki

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 24-27

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.05

Abstract
  Background: Child abuse is defined as any act or omission which causes physical or psychological harassment and lasting effects on children. Injuries resulting from child abuse are widespread, and this trauma can lead to psychological problems in adulthood. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate ...  Read More

Original Article
6. Impact of Age on Risk Factors and Clinical Manifestations of Acute Coronary Syndrome: Observations From the Coronary Care Unit of Sulaimani, Iraq

Amanj Abubakr Jalal Khaznadar; Rebin Wahid Salh

Volume 5, Issue 1 , Winter 2020, Pages 28-34

http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/hpr.2020.06

Abstract
  Background: ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI ) are common types of acute coronary syndrome which are associated with the risk factors of age, obesity, hypertension, and diabetes. Objective: The present study aimed to examine ...  Read More